Characterisation of Tourist Traffic

Telefónica and other sources

Characterisation of tourist traffic based on mobile phone data, with the aim of determining the movement of the inhabitants of municipalities with over 30,000 inhabitants, as well as the places visited by foreign tourists. There are two types of data shown: Weekly, classified as business days (Monday to Thursday) and weekends (Friday to Sunday). Data available from June to December 2020.

Analysis of the evolution of mobility

The objective of the following data visualisation is to analyse the evolution of mobility from Spanish municipalities with more than 30,000 inhabitants and from outside of Spain to the entire Spanish territory. The source of the information is Telefónica and it refers to the June to November 2020 period.

Analysis of mobility indicators

The objective of the following data visualization is to analyse the journeys made between origin and destination municipalities, the distance between them and the population of the origin municipalities. Data from Telefónica referring to the June to November 2020 period were used for the study, as well as data from the Population and Housing census 2011, provided by the National Statistics Institute (INE).

Analysis of the relationship between income and mobility

The objective of the following data visualization is to analyse mobility between Spanish municipalities and provinces, determining what the relationship is between the average income of the municipalities of origin and destination and the volume of journeys. Data from Telefónica referring to the June to November 2020 period were used for the study. In addition, data were used from the Spanish Tax Agency (AEAT) and the provincial tax authorities in the Basque Country and Navarre for the income profiling. The metric used for the three cases is the average gross income of the municipality. Data were also used from the Population and Housing census 2011, provided by the National Statistics Institute (INE).

Definitions:

  • Tourist:

    A person who travels outside of their place of usual residence with at least one overnight stay (stay of over 24 hours at the same destination) and with a duration of less than one year.

  • Usual environment:

    The usual environment of an individual is defined as the geographical area (though not necessarily a contiguous one) within which individuals displace themselves within their regular routine of life.

  • Data ‘Desconocido’:

    This text appears when the number of terminals in a trip between areas is less than 15 units. This occurs to protect privacy and respect statistical confidentiality.

  • Same-day visitor:

    A same-day visitor (or day-tripper, or excursionist) is a person making an excursion. An excursion is considered a trip without an overnight stay made outside of the visitor’s place of usual residence and starting from the visitor’s place of usual residence.

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